Traditional Christmas Cake – Make and Mature

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“I love the Christmas-tide, and yet,
I notice this, each year I live;
I always like the gifts I get,
But how I love the gifts I give!”
~ Carolyn Wells


I have so many fruit cake recipes, but if you have the time this one delivers a perfect Christmas Cake that is moist, dense and flavoursome. This one’s called a ‘make and mature’ because it needs to be made at least a few weeks before Christmas for the flavours to develop, and so that you can ‘feed’ the cake extra alcohol (or tea if you prefer) to make your Christmas just a little extra special. In fact, if you’re organised you can make this cake up to six months in advance. But hey, it’s only early November and you can go get the ingredients and have this knocked up over the weekend.

I’ve already made several of these cakes as gifts, and I still have a few more left to make. I’m sure Santa will also appreciate you leaving a generous slice out for him on Christmas Eve. It’s not a difficult recipe at all – it just needs a little time and care and you’ll end up with great results too! 🙂

Ben’s also glad that I’m blogging this recipe, because he insisted that we must cut one cake early for ‘quality control and photo opportunities’. It was delicious, eaten with a cup of tea on the veranda during last night’s storm!


  • 1.2kg of mixed fruit of your choice ( good combinations include raisins, currants, sultanas, mixed peel, glace cherries, cranberries, prunes and dates – but use what you prefer. I often buy a kilogram bag of mixed dried fruit and then add a 200g bag of glace cherries.)
  • 1/2 cup of your choice of either dark rum, brandy, sherry, whiskey or very strong brewed tea
  • zest and juice of two oranges
  • 2 teaspoons of vanilla essence
  • 3 teaspoons of mixed spice
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves (add 1/2 if you really like cloves!)
  • 250g salted butter, softened to room temperature (*See note below)
  • a little extra soft butter to grease the cake tin
  • 200g of soft brown sugar
  • 2 tablespoons of treacle (if you can’t get treacle use 250g of brown sugar)
  • 4 large eggs at room temperature
  • 200g of plain flour
  • 100g of flaked almonds or your choice of chopped pecans, walnuts or macadamias (you can also omit if you don’t like nuts)
  • extra rum, brandy, sherry, tea or whiskey (you might like a little, or a lot!)
  • optional – glace fruit such as cherries and blanched whole almonds to decorate top of cake

*If you live in Australia or somewhere tropical where the ambient temperature is quite warm as we get closer to Christmas, don’t let the butter get too soft. While you don’t want your butter hard as a rock, because it won’t beat up to a nice cream with the sugar, if it’s too soft it will all end up like soup. 


Soaking the fruit:

Sort through dried fruit and remove any stalks, stones or other debris. This is worth doing as I have, on occasion, found small stones, stem and seed fragments in my fruit. If you are using glace cherries or other larger fruit chop them into smaller pieces.

Place the dried fruit in a large bowl. Grate the zest of the oranges, and then juice them. Add the zest, juice and alcohol or tea to the fruit. Stir well and then cover. Leave to soak for a minimum of 12 hours, or up to a week. Stir now and again so that everything is well soaked and plumped. If all the liquid has been absorbed feel free to add another slug every so often.

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On the day of baking:

Prepare your tin or tins by double lining them with baking paper, letting the paper come five centimetres or more above the top of the tin to prevent the top of the cake browning too fast. I like to trace the shape of the bottom of the tin and cut two liners, and then make a collar from a double folded piece of brown paper or baking paper – cutting a small frill of 2cm cuts on the bottom edge to help the paper fit neatly into the pan. Grease your tin, place the first liner, then the collar, carefully pushing it into place so that the frilled edge overlaps the bottom liner, and then place the top liner in the tin to help hold everything together. It might seem like extra effort, but double lining your tin helps stop your cake from burning or drying out. If you’re making one big cake, use two sheets of brown paper or newspaper, wrap then around the outside of the tin and secure with string. Don’t use tape as the heat will cause it to fail!

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Preheat your oven to 150 degrees celcius  (300 degrees fahrenheit or gas mark 2) or 130 degrees celcius (275 degrees fahrenheit or gas mark 1) if you have a fan forced oven.

I have given cooking times for a range of tins  in case you choose to divide the mixture and make smaller cakes for gifts. I’ve also made Christmas cakes in cupcake papers (use 2 for a double liner) and these are just lovely as cakes for one!

Place your cake in the oven and follow the baking times below, using a skewer to test of the cake is done about ten minutes before the time is up.  Poke the skewer into the middle of the cake. If it comes out clean the cake is ready, if mixture still adheres to the skewer bake a little longer.

3 x 8cm by 25cm tins – bake for one hour and twenty minutes

2 x 12cm x 23cm loaf tins – bake for 2 hours

1 large round or square tin – bake for 3 hours

Individual cupcake size cakes – bake for one hour

Method for Cake:

Make sure that you have a bowl big enough to hold all the ingredients for mixing.

Beat the butter using an electric mixer until it is soft. Then add the treacle and brown sugar and beat until it is creamy and lighter in colour. Add the vanilla, and beat again, and then add the eggs one at a time, beating well after each addition. The mixture may look a little curdled by the end, but I promise it’s fine, so don’t panic.

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Tip in the fruit and any dregs of liquid from the bottom of the bowl. Sprinkle in your spices. Then tip in your nuts if you are using them.

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Sift the flour over the top and using a large spoon or a clean hand gently fold it all together until it is well mixed.

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Carefully spoon the mixture into your prepared tin/tins.

Lift each tin about three inches from the bench and then drop it down. Do this a couple of times to get out any air bubbles. Smooth the top of the cake with the back of a spoon or your clean wet hand. If you are using cherries, nuts or other glace fruit place them on the cake now and press down slightly so that they don’t dislodge after baking.

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Bake cake for appropriate time or until a skewer inserted in the centre of the cake comes out clean. Remove from oven. Tip a generous tablespoon of alcohol or tea over the cake straightaway. (Two tablespoons if it is one big cake.) It will fizzle and sizzle, but that’s fine. Cover with a clean tea towel. Let the cake cool in the tin. This will take several hours. Then feed the cake just a little more alcohol, and leave for an hour to let that soak in.

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Carefully remove from tin, and take away lining papers. Wrap cake in greaseproof paper and foil, or cling wrap. Store in a dark place and feed a little drizzle more alcohol every week to two weeks until Christmas.

Serve and share!

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Hi! I'm Nicole Cody. I am a writer, psychic, metaphysical teacher and organic farmer. I love to read, cook, walk on the beach, dance in the rain and grow things. Sometimes, to entertain my cows, I dance in my gumboots. Gumboot dancing is very under-rated.
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25 thoughts on “Traditional Christmas Cake – Make and Mature

  1. Hi Nicole. This is seriously the best Christmas cake ever! I’ve been making it to give away to friends and family for 5 years now … I’m up to 12 cakes this year! But now I need to add a vegan version to the mix. I’m guessing I can substitute coconut oil for the butter. And I wondered if I could use soaked chia seeds instead of eggs? Any suggestions?

    Thank you for the much enjoyed Christmas deliciousness.

    1. Hi Wendy, here are the instructions, as above:
      Place the dried fruit in a large bowl. Grate the zest of the oranges, and then juice them. Add the zest, juice and alcohol or tea to the fruit. Stir well and then cover. Leave to soak for a minimum of 12 hours, or up to a week. Stir now and again so that everything is well soaked and plumped.
      I hope it turns out well for you, Nicole 😊

    1. Okay, Mia – here are my instructions for a good tin lining, which helps your cake cook evenly and without the edges going hard!

      Step 1 – place the tin you will cook the cake in on some baking paper and trace the outline of the bottom of the tin. Do this twice, and cut out the two shapes and put to one side. Eg for a square tin you will have two squares of paper
      Step 2 – Cut a piece of paper long enough to wrap around the outside of your tin when it is sitting on the bench so that it will completely cover the vertical sides of the tin. It will be a long piece of baking paper!
      Step 3 – Fold the long piece of baking paper in half reducing it’s width to half (not length!) so that it is now double sided!
      Step 4 – hold the paper against the vertical side of the tin. It should go well up over the top. Now make a fringe on the side where the two folded edges meet (there will be two pieces of paper – don’t cut the edge that is the fold!!!) by cutting the long piece at intervals – make the cut about an inch long – the whole way along the edge of the long piece
      Step 5 – put the first shape (eg square) into the bottom of the tin.
      Step 6 – now carefully place the long piece inside the tin with the fringed end at the bottom and the folded edge at the top. Bend the fringe down onto the bottom of the tin, so that the cut pieces bend and help hold the shape of the tin (see my pics above). When the sides are in place put the second shape on top over the cut fringe to hold the sides in place and give the bottom of the tin its double lining.
      Step 7 – carefully spoon cake mix into paper-lined tin.

      Let me know how you go!

    1. I always leave mine on the bench if using alcohol but in the fridge is fine too. Let me know how you go 🙏💕

  2. Thank you for your recipe, my fruit has soaked in black tea for 2 weeks and I’ve just finished the mixing . I liked the idea of individual cakes so it has made 32 muffin size cakes , fingers crossed my oven behaves ! My plan is to then use a round cookie cutter for the marzipan and icing and decorate ready for Christmas.xx

  3. hi when making it as a cupcake you said to use double liner what to do you if you can post a picture would be nice

  4. Nicole, this is the best Christmas Cake ever!! My first ever attempt at making a fruit cake myself, and it was very much loved by family, neighbours and friends. Thank you.

  5. Mmmm. Making me hungry. It looks lovely. I’m sure it tastes good too. One tip for your readers who may not be used to making Christmas cake is if, when adding the egg, it curdled, I was always taught to add a little of the measured sifted flour to reverse the effects

  6. Nichole, reading this, I’m instantly back in the kitchen of my childhood, kneeling on a chair next to my mother as she goes through this process,waiting for my turn (as are my siblings) to stir the mixture and make a wish. And I’m swooning from the fragrance of the fruit, and sugar and alcohol, and with anticipation for Christmas Day… 😀

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